Although Democrats had essentially succeeding in winning back a majority in the House of Representatives before California polls even closed, a number of closely watched congressional races still remained too close to call in the Southland.

Nationally, Democrats needed to win 23 seats from Republicans to tilt the majority in the House in their favor, and they were projected to exceed that amount. But with vote-counting continuing, Southland Democrats held out hope of winning five key seats, including two being vacated by Republican incumbents.

The bulk of the seats being targeted by Democrats are in the once-reliable Republican stronghold of Orange County, which has seen a liberal political shift over the years.

Two years ago, Democrat Hillary Clinton beat President Donald Trump in Orange County, the first time a Democrat won the county since Franklin Delano Roosevelt. That has encouraged Democrats, and for the first time the national organization has sent professionals to Orange County to help elect more Democrats to Congress.

In the 39th District in northern Orange County, Republican Rep. Ed Royce is stepping aside, and his vacant seat is being sought by Democrat Gil Cisneros and Republican Young Kim in a race considered that was considered to be a toss-up. Early returns, however, showed Kim with more than 55 percent of the vote.

Cisneros, a noted philanthropist, won a $266 million Lottery jackpot in 2010 and has injected $9 million of his own money into the race. Kim, a South Korean immigrant, worked for Royce for about 20 years before winning a seat in the state Assembly, where she served a single term. She is looking to become the first Korean American woman to win a congressional seat.

In the 49th District, which straddles Orange and San Diego counties and includes cities such as San Clemente and Oceanside, Republican Rep. Darrell Issa is stepping aside after an unexpectedly narrow reelection win two years ago.

Mike Levin, a Democratic environmental lawyer, was holding an early lead over Republican state Board of Equalization member Diane Harkey in the race to replace Issa. Levin has never held political office, but he has served as the executive director of the Democratic Party of Orange County. Prior to sitting on the Board of Equalization, Harkey served in the state Assembly from 2008 to 2014, representing southern Orange County. She also served on the Dana Point City Council. Harkey received Trump’s endorsement in August and is a major backer of the campaign to repeal the state gas tax.

Republican Rep. Mimi Walters is being targeted by Democrats in the 45th District, which covers a wide swath of Orange County, including Irvine, Lake Forest and Mission Viejo. Walters has represented the district since 2014, and while the district has become more Democratic, she easily won re-election in 2016 — even as the district’s voters supported Clinton over Trump. She has continued to preach tax cuts, backing the Republican-engineered tax cuts. She held an early lead over Democrat Katie Porter, a UC Irvine law professor who is critical of the Republican tax cuts and touts her role as a consumer advocate.

Meanwhile, Democrat Harley Rouda, a real estate investor, was in a dead heat with longtime Republican Rep. Dana Rohrabacher in the coastal 48th District in Orange County. Rouda, who portrays himself as a political moderate, is a former Republican who says he wants to protect health-care coverage and Social Security and Medicare. Rohrabacher, who has been criticized by Democrats for his close relations with Russia, opposed the Trump tax-cut package but backs the president’s vocal stances on immigration. Rouda has raised significantly more money in the race, saying he needs to spend heavily to have a chance at unseating a 15-term incumbent.

There was another dead heat in the northern reaches of Los Angeles County, where Democrats are putting their hopes in Katie Hill in her bid to unseat Republican Rep. Steve Knight in a district that stretches into Ventura County. The area is historically Republican, but 25th District voters went for Clinton in the presidential race two years ago, and recent polls show the race to be extremely close.

Early returns showed Hill with a roughly 60-vote lead.

Knight is an Army veteran and former Los Angeles police officer who supported the Trump tax cuts and efforts to repeal the Affordable Care Act, known as Obamacare. Hill is a former executive for a homeless-services nonprofit agency, and she has expressed support for improvements in security on the U.S.-Mexico border and additional middle-class tax cuts.

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