Two members of the Board of Supervisors called Thursday for Sheriff Alex Villanueva and all 46 police departments in Los Angeles County to adopt eight use of force restrictions recommended by the advocacy group Campaign Zero, including restricting the use of chokeholds and requiring a warning before shooting.
Supervisors Janice Hahn and Mark Ridley-Thomas filed a motion in support of the policies — dubbed “8 Can’t Wait” and aimed at police departments nationwide — which range from prohibitions on shooting at moving vehicles to comprehensive reporting on not only use-of-force incidents, but the threat of force.
Some are already part of existing use-of-force rules for the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department and the Los Angeles Police Department. Based on Campaign Zero’s website, all but three have been adopted by the LAPD.
Hahn said none of the dozens of law enforcement agencies operating within the county have implemented all eight.
“The people are demanding change,” Hahn said in a statement. “These are eight steps that can be taken right now by all of our law enforcement departments that are proven effective in reducing the number of people killed by police and sheriff’s deputies. Most of the police departments in L.A. County have already implemented one or two of these policies, but no one has implemented all eight… We cannot wait any longer.”
Campaign Zero is led by Black Lives Matter activist DeRay Mckesson, data scientist Samuel Sinyangwe and policy advocate Brittany N. Packnett Cunningham and is developing data-driven policies to end police brutality.
“The killing of George Floyd once again exposes the harsh reality that the African-American community has to endure in our country. We will not accept this injustice,” Ridley-Thomas said. “I believe that the eight reforms identified by Campaign Zero in this motion give us specific and clear changes to reduce the use of force by law enforcement that has resulted in this senseless violence. I urge dozens of police agencies in the county to adopt the policies immediately.”
The supervisors pointed out that while sheriff’s deputies are not trained in the use of chokeholds, the department’s policy does not explicitly ban the use of chokeholds, strangleholds and the knee-on-neck hold used on George Floyd by a Minneapolis police officer now facing a second-degree murder charge in his death.
The eight recommendations include:
— requiring officers to intervene to stop another officer from using excessive force;
— banning or at least restricting the use of chokeholds and strangleholds, including carotid restraints, to situations where deadly force is authorized;
— requiring officers to de-escalate situations before using force;
— using a use-of-force continuum that defines and limits the types of force that can be used in response to various forms of resistance;
— requiring officers to give a verbal warning before using deadly force;
— prohibiting officers from shooting at people in moving vehicles unless the person poses a deadly threat by means other than the vehicle;
— requiring officers to exhaust all other reasonable alternatives before resorting to using deadly force; and
— requiring comprehensive reporting that includes both uses of force and threats of force.
A 2016 study by Campaign Zero concluded that each of those reforms was associated with a 15% reduction in police killings for the average department; departments implementing more than four reportedly saw the largest drop.
The analysis also found that departments with more restrictive policies in place also had lower rates of assaults on officers and officers killed in the line of duty.
Civil rights leaders called Thursday morning for a meeting with Sheriff Alex Villanueva and LAPD Chief Michel Moore to share video footage from residents that they say captures excessive use of force against protesters over the last several days.
Viral videos — which may or may not be part of the cache that activist Najee Ali and others want to share with Moore and Villanueva — show officers beating protesters with batons. Several journalists have also reported being injured by police — at least one struck by a baton and another hit in the neck by a rubber bullet — while covering protests.
The LAPD posted a statement on Twitter urging community members to reach out to internal affairs investigators or the Office of the Inspector General, while noting that officers have also been injured.
“Protests, marches and demonstrations over the last several days have been often dynamic and at times dangerous situations for both officers and demonstrators. A number of these gatherings have unfortunately devolved into chaos with rocks, bottles and other projectiles being launched at police officers, who have sustained injuries that range form cujts and bruises to a fractured skull.
“We are aware of individuals who have posted videos online and on social media depicting encounters with the police that they believe constitutes excessive force or misconduct during these demonstrations,” the post continued. “We will investigate each instance thoroughly and hold any officer who violates department policy accountable.”
In response to video of deputies in Compton apparently beating an alleged looter already on the ground and not resisting, Villanueva also posted on Twitter, urging anyone with footage to reach out to his department.
Then he added, “This is another example of why we so desperately need the @LACountyBOS to fully fund@LASDHQ’s body-worn camera project. The public deserves full transparency.”
Villanueva has been pressing for a bigger budget, even as the Board of Supervisors pushes him to cut department overtime and find solutions to a department deficit. Now the sheriff finds himself in an environment where activists and celebrities are calling to defund police and Mayor Eric Garcetti says he plans to cut up to $150 million out of the LAPD budget this year to help fund needed programs in black communities.
Hahn and Ridley-Thomas’ motion is expected to be heard by the full Board of Supervisors on Tuesday.
They have also asked the Civilian Oversight Commission, a watchdog agency overseeing the Sheriff’s Department, to report back in 15 days on recommendations for strengthening use-of-force policies. The commission, which met Thursday morning, has an ad hoc committee that has spent several months reviewing those policies.
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