The second defendant named in a federal grand jury indictment surrendered Monday in Los Angeles to face charges stemming from an alleged scheme that used bogus transcripts, ghostwritten admissions essays, and imposters who took standardized tests to help foreigners gain admission to colleges, allowing them to fraudulently obtain student visas to enter or remain in the United States.

Yi Chen, also known as “Brian Chen,” 33, of Monrovia, pleaded not guilty to charges in a 21-count grand jury indictment that alleges conspiracy, visa fraud and aggravated identity theft, according to the U.S. Attorney’s Office.

Chen was ordered detained pending trial, which was scheduled for May 4.

Chen’s co-defendant — Yixin Li, also known as “Eason Li” and “Calvin Wong,” 28, of San Gabriel — surrendered on March 2 and pleaded not guilty at an arraignment in Los Angeles federal court. A United States magistrate judge set bond at $200,000, but Li has yet to post bond and remains in custody. A trial date was scheduled for April 27.

The indictment alleges that Chen and Li owned “educational consulting” companies in Alhambra and Arcadia that charged foreign students thousands of dollars for “guaranteed” admission to a college that would lead to the issuance of an F-1 student visa. To secure admission to a school, the companies prepared application packages that used bogus or altered transcripts, and they hired people to impersonate the prospective student to take standardized tests, such as the Test of English as a Foreign Language, the indictment alleges.

The document lists a number of foreign nationals for whom Chen and Li allegedly obtained, altered or fabricated transcripts, which helped the students obtain admission to schools across the United States, including New York University, Columbia University, Boston College, and several University of California campuses.

Once a foreign student was admitted to a college, the school issued a “Form I-20, Certificate of Eligibility for Nonimmigrant Student Status — For Academic and Language Students,” which provided the basis for a visa application or extension of permission to remain in the United States.

Chen and Li are charged with conspiracy, which carries a sentence of up to five years in federal prison. They are also named in various counts of fraud and misuse of visas, permits, and other documents, an offense that carries a sentence of up to 10 years in prison. Chen and Li are each charged with one count of aggravated identity theft, which carries a mandatory two-year prison sentence that would run consecutively to any other prison term imposed in the case, prosecutors said.

Chen and Li are linked to a group of imposter test-takers who were the subject of an earlier indictment that outlined how they used fake Chinese passports to take TOEFL exams on behalf of foreigners seeking college admissions and student visas. All six defendants in that earlier case pleaded guilty and were sentenced to probation.

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