Internal affairs investigators with the Los Angeles Police Department are ruling in the department’s favor in the overwhelming majority of citizen complaints involving alleged officer misconduct during last summer’s wave of protests against racism and police brutality, it was reported Saturday.

In 73 investigations into the alleged use of non-deadly force, 33 have been resolved with a finding that the officers were not in the wrong and another 40 are still being investigated, the Los Angeles Times reported.

“Based on the investigations to this point, no allegations for unauthorized force have been sustained,” Chief Michel Moore wrote to the Police Commission, according to the Times, adding that the cases lacked enough “supporting information” to determine the officer involved or where the incident allegedly occurred.

Separately, five alleged uses of deadly force still must go before the Police Commission.

Moore’s report to the Police Commission said the LAPD had received more than 600 allegations against officers from last year’s protests, although some were duplicate complaints about the same incident.

Moore said 37 of 210 overall cases, involving a total of 155 allegations, have been fully adjudicated as of March 23, with just seven being sustained. Five of those involved the misuse of body cameras, one involved neglect of duty and one involved unbecoming conduct, Moore said.

The news comes one day after two reports were released reviewing the LAPD’s response to the May and June protests, with each finding that the department mishandled aspects of the protests, as did a report released last month.

The reports were commissioned by the Los Angeles City Council and the Board of Police Commissioners following last spring’s mass demonstrations sparked by the May 25 killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis. The reports, which follow the initial one released on March 11, were conducted by the National Police Foundation and LAPD.

The National Police Foundation’s report found:

— the department’s crowd management policies and practices “were inadequate to handle the disparate groups or to identify leaders among the protesters and address the level of violence”

— the documentation of use of force during the protests was inconsistent by LAPD officers;

— some LAPD personnel had not received contemporary training on crowd management, mobile field force, supervision, de-escalation or less-lethal launchers;

— the LAPD does not have one policy to direct its “response specifically to large-scale, fluid, city-wide civil unrest that turns violent or contains violence”

— communication within the department was inconsistent between Chief Michel Moore, his command staff, bureau commanders, field supervisors and line officers; and

— officer morale is low and has been described as “at an all-time low.”

The National Police Foundation bills itself as an independent, nonpartisan research foundation that conducts research into police behavior, policy and procedure. It held listening sessions with the public to help independently assess the LAPD’s response to the May and June protests.

The second report released Friday was conducted by the agency at issue — the LAPD.

That report found “inadequacies” in:

— command and control training, especially within the Incident Command System;

— communication;

— response to new tactics;

— mass arrests, transportation and field jails; and

— record-keeping, which it called poor or antiquated.

“The department must be open to new ways of thinking about crowds. The department must consider whether control is the best option, and what new technologies can be used in times of civil unrest,” the report said.

The department’s recommendations include the establishment of a Department Operations Center when a citywide event occurs.

“The purpose of a fully activated DOC is to manage large-scale and complex unusual occurrences,” the report said.

Similar to the other two reports, the LAPD’s internal review also found problems with multiple commanding officers giving conflicting orders.

It said that unity-of-command issues “caused confusion during an already chaotic situation.”

The report alleges that protest crowds in Los Angeles were violent and hostile toward officers. Along with police vehicles and private property being vandalized, it alleges that officers were assaulted by people in crowds.

The Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners on Tuesday will review the reports, along with the independent report that was released on March 11.

In a letter to commissioners, Moore said, “While there were missteps and shortfalls in communication and command and control, especially from senior staff in the field, the vast majority of personnel performed admirably with their ongoing efforts to tirelessly serve the city, even in the face of antagonistic and violent crowds.”

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