Los Angeles County District Attorney Jackie Lacey was clinging to hope Wednesday that she can avoid a November runoff and keep her post for a third term, despite a tough battle against George Gascon, who was San Francisco’s top prosecutor for 11 years, and federal public defender Rachel Rossi.
Unofficial results from Tuesday’s election showed Lacey with 50.7% of the vote, just over the majority needed to win reelection without need for a runoff. It was unclear early Wednesday how many late, provisional or mail-in ballots still need to be tallied, and if they might leave Lacey short of the 50% mark.
Gascon finished a distant second, meaning he would advance to the runoff if Lacey does not win reelection outright. Based on the most recent numbers, fewer than 7,000 votes were protecting the incumbent from a general election challenge.
Rossi made a surprisingly strong showing against Gascon, notable because she was significantly outspent by the other two contenders, who also boasted more influential endorsements. The Lacey and Gascon campaigns, including independent committees, both raised more than $2 million.
In Lacey’s case, the vast majority of the money came from unions representing police and sheriff’s deputies, while roughly three-quarters of Gascon’s cash came from two progressive Northern California contributors, according to an analysis by the Los Angeles Times.
Despite having held similar posts, the two prosecutors have divergent ideas about how to run the D.A.’s office.
Gascon positioned himself as the progressive candidate, identifying himself on the ballot as a Justice Reform Advocate rather than a prosecutor and former police deputy chief.
Lacey was seen as the more conservative choice, despite her work on diversion programs for mentally ill offenders and in establishing a conviction review unit. That’s in part because she opposed measures like Prop 57, which provides early parole for some non-violent crimes, and Prop 47, which reduced some felonies to misdemeanors.
She characterized her stance as that of a “reasonable reformer” and was not shy about identifying her first priority as “keeping the streets of Los Angeles County safe from violent and dangerous criminals,” as stated on her campaign website.
She has, however, come out in favor of eliminating private prisons and recently announced that she had secured the dismissal of 66,000 marijuana convictions.
Lacey’s campaign took an 11th-hour hit on Monday when a group of Black Lives Matter protesters showed up at her home, and Lacey’s husband responded by pointing a gun at the group and ordering them off of the couple’s property. Lacey later apologized on behalf of herself and her husband, but stressed that she has been the target of repeated threats while in office, including death threats, and her husband acted out of fear when the commotion began outside their home at 5:30 a.m.
Black Lives Matter officials responded that they never expected to be threatened with a gun when they assembled at Lacey’s home as part of a continuing protest against her handling of police use-of-force cases.
Gascon, who co-authored Prop 47, declared himself fully in favor of restorative justice and accuses Lacey of standing in the way of change.
“Miss Lacey has fought every single reform initiative that has come through her desk aggressively,” Gascon claimed during a late January debate, accusing her of dragging her heels even on bail reform until she was forced to take another stance. “Miss Lacey all of a sudden is becoming progressive. … The community knows better than that.”
However, Gascon’s positions have led to claims by organizations like the Los Angeles Police Protective League and the Association of Los Angeles Deputy Sheriffs that he would put serious criminals back on the streets and jeopardize public safety.
Lacey herself has pointed to high crime rates in San Francisco as evidence of Gascon’s ineffectiveness.
“We seek justice in a fair and ethical manner and we look after crime victims’ rights,” Lacey said at the debate, during which she was frequently shouted down by audience members. “Let’s compare that with San Francisco. Their office is a mess … property crime rates in that city have been abysmal … our community doesn’t have the issues that San Francisco has.”
Gascon countered that violent crime had increased on Lacey’s watch, a claim supported by data reviewed by the Los Angeles Times, though Lacey said it was the result of more sex crimes being reported and tracked.
Rossi has worked in the Federal Public Defender’s Office in Los Angeles, the Los Angeles County Public Defender’s Office and the county’s Alternate Public Defender office. She also spent time working on criminal justice policy for Congress.
Like Gascon, Rossi ran as a reformer, drawing the same kinds of contrasts to Lacey. At the debate, she talked about auditing data to help end racial disparities in law enforcement, pointing to recent oversight of the Los Angeles Police Department’s use of the gang database.
“If you’re black in L.A., you’re 13 times more likely to be arrested, and I refuse to believe that if you are black in L.A., you’re 13 times more likely to make bad decisions,” Rossi said. “There are so many things that the district attorney can do to scale back racial disparities.”
Lacey is the county’s first elected black and female district attorney, but she has disappointed some activists in communities of color by failing to prosecute use-of-force cases.
Gascon has his own detractors. In an apparent snub to him, San Francisco Mayor London Breed and District Attorney Dennis Herrera endorsed Lacey.
“Jackie Lacey is the only candidate for L.A. County district attorney who has the background, proven track record and vision needed to continue creating positive change by leading L.A. County into a new era of smart criminal justice for all,” Herrera said in a statement. ” … She knows how to balance reforming the system while ensuring that violent criminals are off the street and neighborhoods are kept safe.”
Lacey also had the support of Sen. Dianne Feinstein and more than half a dozen congressional representatives, including Rep. Adam Schiff, along with Mayor Eric Garcetti, Assembly Speaker Anthony Rendon and state Sen. Robert Hertzberg — who co-sponsored the state’s bail reform bill. Four of the five county supervisors, with the exception of Mark Ridley-Thomas, are also backing her.
Gascon, who would have been the county’s first Latino D.A., had endorsements from the California and Los Angeles County Democratic parties, Sen. Kamala Harris, Rep. Maxine Waters, Rep. Tony Cardenas, Assemblyman Rob Bonta — the other co-sponsor of bail reform — and Los Angeles City Councilman Mike Bonin. Not to mention Grammy-winning singer-songwriter-producer John Legend.
Rossi was backed by many influential civil rights leaders, including Patrisse Cullors of the Real Justice PAC and Black Lives Matter, and faith leaders.
Gascon also gained the endorsement of the Los Angeles Times, whose editorial board called him “an innovative thinker and experienced administrator who is adept at using data to craft policy.”
The editorial board concluded that Lacey doesn’t deserve the disdain of activists, but is still too slow to embrace change residents want.
“She is not a retrograde, old-style, tough-on-crime prosecutor, nor is she in league with police unions to protect officers from prosecution for excessive use of force. But neither is she the energetic innovator and leader that L.A. County needs.”
Reformers may regret splitting their votes between Gascon and Rossi, as in the end neither may have gained enough momentum to prevent Lacey from garnering the more than 50% she needs to avoid a longer campaign and November runoff.
Early Tuesday night, Gascon remained optimistic in comments to supporters and highlighted national interest in the race.
“This is really a national movement,” Gascon said, urging his backers to wait and see how voting developed.