The Los Angeles City Council unanimously approved a 2021-22 fiscal year budget Thursday that was proposed by Mayor Eric Garcetti and includes historic spending to combat the homelessness crisis.

Once various adjustments approved during the council’s discussion are incorporated into the document, it will return for a final vote sometime next week. The council has until June 1 to send the budget to Garcetti’s desk for a final signature.

Garcetti proposed the largest spending plan in city history — an overall $11.2 billion budget and $6.6 billion general fund revenue projection. Government spending at all levels inevitably rises because of inflation, expansion of programs and increased population. The budget also includes half of the approximate $1.3 billion the city was allocated through the American Rescue Plan. The city expects to receive that funding within the next month, with the second half expected 12 months from now.

Councilman Paul Krekorian, chairman of the council’s Budget and Finance Committee — which picked apart the mayor’s proposal in a series of hearings leading up to the full council vote — said the past year and the preparation of the spending plan has been “a time like no other for the city, this committee and this council.”

“The effort that goes into a budget even in good years, even in more normal times, is immense,” he said following the council’s vote. “This has been like nothing I have seen in my time on the council.”

Council President Nury Martinez acknowledged the vocal calls for social-justice programs that permeated the budget discussions, and even the continued opposition to a budget that critics insist funnels too much money to the Los Angeles Police Department.

“In Los Angeles we face a reality that as much as we are a world-class city, we also have to acknowledge that we have so much more work to do in each and every one of our neighborhoods and for each and every one of our residents,” she said. “For us to be a better city, to have a stronger future and for a real opportunity for our families and our kids and our neighborhoods across the city … we have got to do better by them. And today we are laying down a foundation brick by brick to be able to get there.

“Systemic change does not happen with one legislative motion or one city budget,” she said. “It takes time. And today I am proud to say that we are going to start on that path forward.”

Various council members submitted more than 40 motions for review Thursday proposing funds or requesting reports on various projects, with most of them referred to the Budget and Finance Committee to review their potential fiscal impact.

Those reviews will be done in the coming weeks, but will not stall final approval of the budget.

During earlier budget discussions, city Chief Legislative Analyst Sharon Tso told the Budget and Finance Committee that parts of the budget depend on federal guidelines for how the American Rescue Plan funding can be used.

“It is going to remain to be seen how those guidelines are interpreted and whether the budget is going to be consistent with those guidelines,” Tso said. “We believe they are. We believe that adjustments will be necessary though to make certain of that.”

The city is scheduled to receive half of the funding in the next month and the second half a year later. Tso also noted that the city is receiving $75 million less than expected from the American Rescue Plan, but increases in other revenues will make up for that loss.

During budget hearings that began on April 27, the committee heard from general managers, executive directors and senior staff members of all city departments regarding the proposed budget, how it would impact their services and the department’s previous budgets.

Large spending within the budget includes nearly $1 billion to address the city’s homelessness crisis and more than $1.7 billion for the Los Angeles Police Department’s budget, a 3% increase from when the Los Angeles City Council cut $150 million from the department’s budget last July.

Committee members added funding for additional staff for the Department of Recreation and Parks and the proposed wildlife corridor ordinance, and also requested more than 200 reports back for a more in-depth analysis on aspects of the budget and made recommendations to the Chief Legislative Analyst. The CLA submitted recommendations reviewed by the committee on Friday, when committee members proposed and voted on additional changes.

“Over the course of recent days, the (Chief Legislative Analyst’s) office has done Herculean work to try to accommodate the priorities of this committee as expressed through a variety of motions and through the memos,” Krekorian said during the last budget hearing on Friday.

One of the largest changes made by the CLA and a motion by Krekorian Friday was funding for an oil and gas amortization study in preparation of phasing out drilling in the city. During public comment on the budget on May 6, several people, some calling on behalf of the Sierra Club and the Sunrise Movement, requested the committee add $3.4 million for the study and staffing to draft a nonconforming land-use ordinance to ensure that when the City Council votes to begin phasing out oil and gas drilling, the city has the money to support it.

The CLA proposed $1 million in funding for the amortization study, which Tso described as a placeholder before a pending report on what funding was needed.

Krekorian on Friday motioned to add an additional $2.5 million for a total of $3.5 million for the amortization study. The motion was unanimously passed by the five-member committee.

Krekorian also motioned to authorize one environmentalist specialist position and one city planner position in the Department of City Planning to help finalize the wildlife corridor ordinance.

During public comment on May 6, Los Angeles conservation advocates, organized by the Center for Biological Diversity, called requesting funds for four staff positions, an environmental specialist, city planner and two planning associates, to finalize the ordinance.

The Budget and Finance Committee unanimously approved Krekorian’s motion to request funding for two of the positions to the budget’s draft.

Another significant change proposed by the Chief Legislative Analyst was budgeting for additional hiring and operational needs for the Department of Recreation and Parks, which was requested by Councilwoman Nithya Raman in a letter to the Budget and Finance Committee. Raman, as well as members of the public who called into the committee’s May 6 meeting, expressed concern that the mayor’s proposal would not allow the department to refill 140 positions that were lost during the pandemic.

Raman had noted that as a result of the department’s budget reduction, the Griffith Park Observatory, which is in her district, will close two extra days and reduce the number of science days offered to children during the school year.

In addition to the CLA proposing funding for the department to refill the 140 lost positions, Krekorian on Friday called for additional recreation and parks positions, including for aquatics, construction, land maintenance, homeless and emergency management, human resources and recreation staffing.

Other significant changes in the CLA’s recommendations include:

— increasing funding for senior meal programs;

— increasing funding to the Civil, Human Rights and Equity Department; and

— providing funding for illegal cannabis enforcement and litigation support.

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