The California Department of Public Health’s issued new guidelines Saturday to colleges and universities to respond to the current coronavirus threat and three potential near-future scenarios.

The first scenario — the current situation — includes 88 positive cases of COVID-19 statewide. The measures recommended by the CDPH were designed to slow the spread of the respiratory infectious disease by implementing the following steps:

— Review and update comprehensive school safety plans, including continuity plans for teaching and learning if students are absent from campus;

— Exclude students, teachers or staff who have a travel history over the course of the last 14 days to an area identified by the CDC as Level 3 Travel Health Notice; additionally, exclude those who have been in close contact with someone diagnosed with COVID-19 from the campus for 14 days from the day of their last exposure;

— Send students, teachers and staff who present fever and/or respiratory infection symptoms home immediately — separate them from others until they go home and when feasible, identify a “sick room” through which others do not regularly pass;

— Coordinate with all partner organizations serving students to ensure consistent practices;

— Encourage flu vaccine for those who have not had it this season;

— Develop a plan to communicate with the campus community;

— Contact your county emergency operations center if it has been established or your local public health department immediately if you notice any concerning clusters of respiratory disease or spikes in absenteeism;

— Encourage all students, families and staff to take everyday preventive actions: Stay home when sick, remain at home until fever has been gone for at least 24 hours without the use of fever-reducing medicines, seek immediate medical care if symptoms become more severe — high fever, difficulty breathing — use “respiratory etiquette” by covering cough with a tissue or sleeve;

— Provide adequate supplies within easy reach, including tissues and no-touch trash cans;

— Encourage hand washing by students and staff through education, schedule time for hand washing and the provision of adequate supplies;

— Provide alcohol-based hand sanitizers to supplement hand washing;

— Enhance cleaning consistent with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance.

Scenario 2 is a situation in which the local public health department has confirmed two or more community transmission cases, but no staff or students on campus have tested positive for COVID-19. In addition to the items outlined in the first scenario, CDPH recommends campus administrators implement the following:

— Faculty and staff with any fever and/or respiratory infection symptoms should not be at work — faculty and staff should self-screen by checking themselves for subjective fever and/or respiratory symptoms such as cough each morning before interacting with students;

— Ensure sick leave policies allow faculty and staff to stay home if they have symptoms of respiratory infection;

— Limit visitors to the campus by not allowing those with symptoms of fever and/or respiratory infection or who have a travel history over the course of the last 14 days to an area identified by the CDC as Level 3 Travel Health Notice;

— Consider alternates to congregate programming within the campus including any large or communal activities.

The third scenario contemplates one student, faculty or staff member testing positive for COVID-19, and exposing others on campus. In this case, the department suggests:

— Isolate the student, faculty or staff and immediately contact your local public health department immediately;

— If the student, faculty or staff lives on campus in a congregate setting, isolate the individual in consultation with the local public health department;

— Develop communication plans for campus closure to include outreach to students, faculty, staff and the community;

— Provide guidance to students, faculty and staff reminding them of the importance of community social-distancing measures while campus is closed, including discouraging students or staff from gathering elsewhere — community social- distancing measures include canceling group activities or events, religious services, after-campus classes and sporting events;

— Consider developing a plan for continuity of education, medical and social services, and meal programs and establish alternate mechanisms for these to continue;

— Maintain regular communications with the local public health department;

— Consult CDC guidelines to determine what additional cleaning protocols, if any, should be deployed at the campus prior to reopening the campus;

— Determine the timing of return of students and staff, and any additional steps needed for the campus to reopen, in consultation with the local public health department.

The fourth scenario considers the possibility that more than five students, faculty or staff on a campus test positive, in which case, the campus administrator should consult with local public health officials for guidance on closing the campus. The following measures were prescribed:

— In consultation with the local public health department, the campus administrator may determine campus closure and the length of closure based on the risk level within the specific community as determined by the local public health officer;

— Develop communication plans for campus closure to include outreach to students, faculty, staff and the community;

— Provide guidance to students, faculty and staff, reminding them of the importance of community social-distancing measures while campus is closed, including discouraging students or staff from gathering elsewhere;

— Consider developing a plan for continuity of education, medical and social services, and meal programs and establish alternate mechanisms for these to continue;

— Maintain regular communications with the local public health department;

— Work with the local public health department to determine what additional cleaning protocols, if any, should be deployed at the campus prior to reopening the campus;

— Determine the timing of return of students and staff, and any additional steps needed for the campus to reopen, in consultation with the local public health department.

The department noted that there have been reports of students and others being stigmatized, and urged institutions to ensure student and staffs privacy to help prevent discrimination.

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