A second day of jury selection was held Thursday for the retrial of former Los Angeles County Sheriff Lee Baca on federal corruption charges for allegedly conspiring to obstruct an FBI probe into possible abuse of inmates in the county jail system.
Jurors are being selected from a pool of more than 200 people who are undergoing questioning at the new federal courthouse in downtown Los Angeles.
Potential panelists from throughout the region were excused from serving Thursday based on hardship issues and because of their perceived viewpoints on the sheriff’s department and how much they already know about the case.
U.S. District Judge Percy Anderson said jurors would remain anonymous due to the media attention the retrial is expected to draw and to lessen the chance that they are contacted during the proceedings.
Jury selection, which marks the start of a trial, is expected to conclude early Friday afternoon. Opening statements will follow.
Baca, 74, was tried in December on counts of obstruction of justice and conspiracy to obstruct justice, but jurors deadlocked 11-1 in favor of acquitting the former sheriff. Anderson then declared a mistrial.
At his retrial — expected to take about two weeks — the former sheriff will also face a third felony count of lying to federal officials.
The charges partly stem from a 2011 incident in which two sheriff’s investigators confronted an FBI agent involved in the jail probe in the driveway leading into her apartment and falsely told her they were in the process of obtaining a warrant for her arrest.
The case against Baca focuses on a period of time when sheriff’s deputies based at the Men’s Central Jail stumbled upon a secret FBI probe of alleged civil rights abuses and unjustified beatings of inmates within jail walls.
Prosecutors contend Baca so resented the federal government’s jails probe that he attempted to force the FBI to back down by illegally having deputies confront the agent at her apartment.
The prosecution also alleges that Baca ignored years of complaints about excessive force used illegally against jail inmates in county facilities managed by the Sheriff’s Department.
The third count — making false statements — contends that Baca lied to the FBI in April 2013 about his knowledge of department efforts to subvert a federal probe into corruption and inmate abuse in the jail system.
Baca maintains he had no knowledge of what was being done in his name by subordinates, including former Undersheriff Paul Tanaka. Tanaka is serving a five-year prison term for his conviction on obstruction of justice charges similar to those Baca faces. Eight other former deputies were convicted and are serving time in the case.
In a flurry of pretrial motions, Anderson ruled that jurors will not be allowed to hear medical testimony that Baca has been suffering from Alzheimer’s disease for years, calling such proposed testimony a “waste of time.”
Baca’s lawyers had asked the judge to allow UCLA psychiatrist and Alzheimer’s expert Dr. James Spar to link Baca’s alleged criminal actions to a years-later diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment.
“Evidence linking defendant’s current diagnosis to the charges is entirely speculative and inadmissible,” the judge wrote, adding that Spar’s testimony “would only serve to confuse the jury.”
Baca’s attorneys contend that the ex-sheriff is in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease and suffered some cognitive impairment as long as six years ago.
The judge also granted a prosecution motion to prevent the defense from introducing testimony about Baca’s “prior good works,” which did not directly pertain to the charges for which he was being tried.
And Anderson banned Baca from wearing his mini-sheriff’s star lapel pin, as the former lawman had been doing for court appearances since he was first charged in February 2016. Prosecutors wrote that by wearing the star, Baca was attempting “to portray himself as a law-abiding reformer” to the jury without ever taking the stand.
–City News Service