Health orders were relaxed again in Los Angeles County Friday, allowing businesses such as museums, gyms, galleries, RV parks and zoos to reopen, provided they impose restrictions such as ensuring social distancing and requiring face coverings for employees and visitors.

The new openings came amid growing concern about the spread of the coronavirus. The county on Thursday reported its highest single-day total of new cases since the pandemic began — 1,857 — although it attributed about one-third of the cases to a backlog of testing results.

On Friday, the county reported another 1,633 confirmed cases, pushing the countywide total above 70,000, reaching 70,476. County public health director Barbara Ferrer again attributed about 500 of the day’s new cases to a backlog of test results reported by a single lab.

The county on Friday also reported another 20 deaths from coronavirus, although five of those cases were actually announced Thursday by health officials in Long Beach. The new deaths increased the countywide number of fatalities from COVID-19 to 2,832.

County health officials this week noted that the rate of spread of COVID-19 was inching higher, potentially threatening the availability of intensive-care unit hospital beds within two to four weeks.

The concerns, however, didn’t stop the county from moving forward with its new health order, which as of Friday morning allowed the opening of:

— gyms and fitness centers;

— professional sports venues without live audiences;

— day camps;

— museums and galleries;

— zoos and aquariums;

— campgrounds and RV parks;

— outdoor recreation such as swimming pools;

— music, film and television production; and

— hotels for leisure travel.

Movie theaters are not included in the new order, even though the state has released protocols allowing them to reopen if individual counties approve.

For businesses and attractions that do reopen, restrictions will have to be enforced, including face coverings and social distancing and rigorous cleaning and sanitation regimens.

Just because the county has cleared the businesses to reopen does not mean all of them automatically will. The Los Angeles Zoo issued a statement Thursday saying it does not anticipate reopening until July, with officials still “making preparations” to resume operating.

Of the people who have died from the virus, 93% had underlying health conditions, a percentage that has remained largely unchanged throughout the pandemic.

County public health director Barbara Ferrer stressed Wednesday that the reopening of more business sectors should not be seen as an indication the county is out of the woods in terms of the coronavirus pandemic, noting, “We’re still in the middle of the woods and we have a lot of risk.”

She said it will remain important for residents to adhere to the health restrictions when visiting any reopened business, and for the businesses themselves to enforce them.

Highlighting the need for such precautions, health officials confirmed Wednesday there has been a slight uptick in the rate of the virus’ spread in the county. At the height of the pandemic, people infected with COVID-19 transmitted the virus to an average of three other people. Under strict stay-at-home orders and business closures, that number fell to below one.

But in the weeks since businesses have been allowed to reopen and more people have been mingling in the community, that infection rate has now risen above one. The county’s medical services director, Dr. Christina Ghaly, said the county has enough hospital beds to handle an increase in cases, but the higher infection rate could lead to a shortage of intensive-care beds within two to four weeks.

Ghaly said the county’s modeling predicts “the spread of COVID-19 in the Los Angeles County area is likely to increase gradually over time.” She stressed that the predictions are based solely on actual hospitalization numbers, not on the increasing numbers of people who are leaving their homes and interacting with the public at newly opened businesses or — more recently — massive protests against police brutality.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released long-awaited guidelines Friday for minimizing the risk of infection when deciding to leave the cocoon of home. In addition to the expected advice about not including symptomatic friends in any plans, frequently washing hands, wearing a mask and social distancing, the CDC also offered more specific suggestions geared to various events.

Guidelines suggest that hosts encourage guests to bring their own food to events and restrict people from gathering in food preparation areas. Anyone heading to the bank is urged to use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol content after any transaction with a teller or at an ATM and then wash hands thoroughly upon returning home.

Diners should consider self-parking rather than using a valet service and avoid self-serve food options. Customers should call ahead to nail salons to make sure the business requires manicurists to wear face coverings and use cashless options to pay their bill. Hotel guests should consider taking the stairs or, if that’s not possible, wait until they can ride the elevator only with members of their own household.

Overall, the tips suggest a strategy of creating the same sort of bubble of protection that many have maintained during stay-at-home orders

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